Mississippi Gazetteer

Mississippi - Basic Information

Became a State: December 10, 1817 - 20th State
Population: 2,967,297 (2010 Census) - Ranks 31st
Land Area: 46,923.3 square miles - Ranks 31st
Population Density: 63.2 persons per square mile - Ranks 32nd
Housing Units: 1,274,719 (2010 Census)
Housing Unit Density: 27.2 housing units per square mile
July 1, 2014 Estimates: Mississippi Data and Demographics
State Capital: Jackson
State Website: Official State of Mississippi Website
Mississippi State Flag
Mississippi state flag

Mississippi History

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All of the area of Mississippi except the part south of the 31st parallel was included in the original territory of the United States. The United States claimed the territory south of the 31st parallel as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Mississippi Territory was organized on April 7, 1798, from unorganized area; it included area west of Georgia to the Mississippi River, comprising the southern third of the present-day states of Alabama and Mississippi. The territory annexed the northern part of the same two future states when Georgia ceded its western claims in 1802 and the lands south of the 31st parallel in 1812. Mississippi Territory was reduced by the organization of Alabama Territory in 1817. Mississippi was admitted to the Union on December 10, 1817, as the 20th state, with generally the same boundary as the present state, although jurisdiction over the entire area was not formally accomplished until Spain relinquished its claims to the southern portion of the state in 1819.

Census data for Mississippi are available beginning with the 1800 census. The 1800 and 1810 populations do not include the area now within the state of Alabama even though that area was legally part of Mississippi Territory. The population of Mississippi Territory as legally existing for those censuses was 40,352 in 1810 and 8,550 in 1800.

Data for the legally established state of Mississippi are available beginning with the 1820 census.

Mississippi Geographical Areas

See: Geographic Terms & Concepts

Counties & County Equivalents

There are 82 counties in Mississippi.  All counties are functioning governmental units, each governed by a board of supervisors.

County Subdivisions

There are 410 county subdivisions in Mississippi known as minor civil divisions (MCDs).  The MCDs in Mississippi are supervisors’ districts, which are nonfunctioning geographic subdivisions of the county defined for the purpose of electing county officials.  Each county has five districts.

Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))

Mississippi has 362 places; 298 incorporated places and 64 census designated places (CDPs).  The incorporated places consist of 110 cities, 169 towns, and 19 villages.  Tillatoba town is governmentally inactive.  Cities have a minimum population threshold of 2,000, towns require a population between 300 and 1,999, and villages require a population between 50 and 299.  Villages can no longer be created except in special circumstances, but existing villages with at least 50 people may maintain their status as a village.

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Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z

Mississippi Civil Features

Mississippi Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas

There are 3 Metropolitan and 18 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Mississippi. MS Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas

Mississippi ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

There are 424 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Mississippi. View Mississippi ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.

School Districts

Mississippi has 149 unified school districts. View Mississippi Public and Private Schools.

Congressional Districts

For the 111th Congress (January 2009 – January 2011), Mississippi had four congressional districts.  For the 113th Congress (January 2013-January 2015), Mississippi continues to have four congressional districts as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census. View Map of Mississippi Congressional Districts.

State Legislative Districts

There are 52 state senate districts and 122 state house districts in Mississippi.

American Indian Areas

Mississippi has one federally recognized American Indian reservation.

Mississippi Physical, Cultural and Historic Features

  1. Mississippi Physical Features such as lakes, islands, streams, valleys, summits, etc.
  2. Mississippi Cultural Features such as schools, churches, hospitals, parks, dams, reservoirs, etc.
  3. Mississippi Historical Features and Mississippi Historic Landmarks

Mississippi Maps

  • To find a ZIP Code: input the address in the top-left search box of any ZIP Code Map.
  • To find the County: input the address in the top-left search box of the interactive MS map.
  • To find the School Attendance Zone: input the address in the top-left search box of any MS school map

Mississippi Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Selected Mississippi Census Data Data: Population,   Population Density,   Diversity Index,   Median Household Incomes,   Per Capita Income
Locations: Cites & Towns,   Counties,   ZIP Codes
Highest or Lowest: Show Highest Values,   Show Lowest Values
Results: Show 20 Results,   Show 200 Results
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