All of the area of Mississippi except the part south of the 31st parallel was included in the original territory of the United States. The United States claimed the territory south of the 31st parallel as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Mississippi Territory was organized on April 7, 1798, from unorganized area; it included area west of Georgia to the Mississippi River, comprising the southern third of the present-day states of Alabama and Mississippi. The territory annexed the northern part of the same two future states when Georgia ceded its western claims in 1802 and the lands south of the 31st parallel in 1812. Mississippi Territory was reduced by the organization of Alabama Territory in 1817. Mississippi was admitted to the Union on December 10, 1817, as the 20th state, with generally the same boundary as the present state, although jurisdiction over the entire area was not formally accomplished until Spain relinquished its claims to the southern portion of the state in 1819.
Census data for Mississippi are available beginning with the 1800 census. The 1800 and 1810 populations do not include the area now within the state of Alabama even though that area was legally part of Mississippi Territory. The population of Mississippi Territory as legally existing for those censuses was 40,352 in 1810 and 8,550 in 1800.
Data for the legally established state of Mississippi are available beginning with the 1820 census.
See: Geographic Terms & Concepts
Counties & County Equivalents
There are 82 counties in Mississippi. All counties are functioning governmental units, each governed by a board of supervisors.
There are 410 county subdivisions in Mississippi known as minor civil divisions (MCDs). The MCDs in Mississippi are supervisors’ districts, which are nonfunctioning geographic subdivisions of the county defined for the purpose of electing county officials. Each county has five districts.
Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))
Mississippi has 362 places; 298 incorporated places and 64 census designated places (CDPs). The incorporated places consist of 110 cities, 169 towns, and 19 villages. Tillatoba town is governmentally inactive. Cities have a minimum population threshold of 2,000, towns require a population between 300 and 1,999, and villages require a population between 50 and 299. Villages can no longer be created except in special circumstances, but existing villages with at least 50 people may maintain their status as a village.
Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z
Mississippi Civil Features
Mississippi Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.
Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas
There are 3 Metropolitan and 18 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Mississippi. MS Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas
Mississippi ZIP Code Tabulation Areas
There are 424 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Mississippi. View Mississippi ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.
Mississippi has 149 unified school districts. View Mississippi Public and Private Schools.
For the 111th Congress (January 2009 – January 2011), Mississippi had four congressional districts. For the 113th Congress (January 2013-January 2015), Mississippi continues to have four congressional districts as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census. View Map of Mississippi Congressional Districts.
State Legislative Districts
There are 52 state senate districts and 122 state house districts in Mississippi.
American Indian Areas
Mississippi has one federally recognized American Indian reservation.